The New Landlord/Tenant Law: Dispelling the Ugly Rumors
Wis. Act 76, which for the most part does not go into effect until March
1, 2014, have attracted a lot of attention in the media and in the
rumor mill. Misguided and exaggerated reports abound proclaiming that
this legislation will be very harmful to tenants and will trample their
rights. To set the record straight …
Eviction notices will be mailed so tenants will not know they had a court dateAmendments to Wis. Stat. § 799.12 provide that any circuit court
may enact a rule authorizing the use of certified mail for the service
of the summons in an eviction action. Any such court rule must require
certified mail with return receipt requested. Service of the summons is
considered completed when it is mailed, unless the envelope enclosing
the summons has been returned unopened to the clerk prior to the return
date. Thus tenants will sign the receipt for the eviction summons, or it
will go back to the court if the tenants do not accept the mailing and
the court will know there has been no service.
Sheriff’s deputies are not required to be present during an evictionThe landlord delivers the writ of restitution ordered by the court
to the sheriff and pays the applicable fees, and then the sheriff
executes the writ. The sheriff always comes to remove the tenants and
any other persons found at the premises. The amendments to Wis. Stat. §
799.45 allow the landlord to elect to remove the tenant’s personal
property and store or dispose of the property — the landlord need no
longer warehouse the tenant’s property. Upon notice to the sheriff, the
sheriff will assist and supervise this removal and handling of the
tenant’s personal property.
REALTOR® practice tip: Given the
volatility and unpredictability of eviction situations, the prudent
landlord will have the sheriff stay on the premises to supervise the
removal of tenant personal property following the eviction of the
Notice that landlords may dispose of personal property may be given the day the tenants are moving outLandlords and property managers no longer have to store personal
property left behind by tenants. Wis. Stat. § 704.05(5) provides that
landlords may presume that the property that the tenants leave behind is
abandoned and may dispose of it in any manner that the landlord
believes to be appropriate, if and only if, the landlord first has
provided written notice to the tenant. Notice must be given in the
original rental agreement or a renewal and must indicate that the
landlord will not store any personal property the tenant leaves behind
when the tenant is removed from the premises. These notice dates would
not occur on the day a tenant moves out.
Landlords can throw away a tenant’s abandoned belongingsBeginning with evictions filed on March 1, 2014, the landlord no
longer needs to warehouse the evicted tenant’s personal property and may
dispose of items left behind by placing them in the dumpster, donating
them to charity, selling them or by another appropriate disposal method.
The tenant or any secured party has the right to redeem the property at
any time before the landlord has disposed of it or entered into a
contract for its disposition, by payment of any expenses that the
landlord has incurred with respect to the property. This provision does
not provide that the landlord can simply throw away the tenant’s
personal property when the tenant still has possession of the premises.
The handling of personal property takes place only after the tenant has
vacated the premises or been evicted by the sheriff.
REALTOR® practice tip: The ability to
presume the property is abandoned and subject to the landlord’s judgment
as to proper disposal after the eviction of the tenant does not come
into play automatically. The landlord must have given the required
notice to the tenant when the tenant entered into the rental agreement,
or upon renewal of the rental agreement.
The legislation allows domestic abuse victims to be evictedWis. Stat. § 704.16 — on the books since 2008 — provides that a
tenant may terminate a tenancy when there is an imminent threat of
serious physical harm to the tenant or the tenant’s child and the tenant
provides the landlord with proper notice and documentation. Under Wis.
Stat. § 106.50 (5m) (dm), which has been in effect since December 2009, a
tenant who is a victim of domestic abuse, sexual assault or stalking
has a defense to an eviction based on the commission of one of those
acts if the tenant proves that the landlord knew or should have known
that the tenant was a victim of the aforementioned crimes, along with
The new Wis. Stat. § 704.14 provides that a residential rental
agreement must include a Notice Of Domestic Abuse Protections in every
rental agreement or an addendum to the agreement, beginning with rental
agreements entered into or renewed on March 1, 2014. The mandatory
language of this notice educates everyone and heightens tenants’
awareness of their existing rights.
Tenants are automatically liable if bedbugs are foundWis. Stat. § 704.07(3) now states that if the tenant’s actions or
inaction leads to damage to the premises, or results in an insect or
pest infestation, then the landlord may allow the tenant to repair and
remediate the damage, or the landlord may do so and require tenant
reimbursement of all reasonable costs. If the landlord can prove that
the infestation was caused by the tenant, the tenant is responsible for
all eradication costs and other damages. This does not eliminate the
need for the landlord to prove that the tenant caused the infestation.
Landlords can withhold money from security deposits without notificationWis. Admin. Code § ATCP 134.06(4) continues to require that the
landlord deliver a written statement to the tenant accounting for any
amounts withheld from a security deposit. The statement shall describe
each item of physical damage or other claims made against the security
deposit, and the amount withheld as reasonable compensation for each
item or claim. No modifications in the new law alter this result.
Illegally parked vehicles will be towed without any verification regarding whether the vehicle was stolen
The new provisions allow for the immediate towing of vehicles
illegally parked on properly posted private property upon the request of
the property owner or agent. A parking citation need not first be
issued. The posting must be clearly visible and warn that non-authorized
vehicles will be immediately towed. The towing service must notify
local law enforcement of the model, make, vehicle identification and
license plate numbers of the vehicle being towed as well as the location
to which the vehicle will be removed. The towing companies cannot
remove a vehicle if law enforcement advises that the vehicle is stolen.
The Department of Transportation will develop rules regarding the
reasonable charges for removal and storage of vehicles, the form and
manner of display of a notice necessary to qualify a property as
“properly posted,” and guidelines for towing services’ notification to
law enforcement upon removal of a vehicle. That is why the provisions
for the towing of vehicles illegally parked on posted private property
will not go into effect until July 1, 2014.
At the end of the day, elimination of unnecessary delays and
expenses helps alleviate some the landlord’s extra costs and lost income
involved each time a tenant gets into trouble and is unable to meet the
terms of the rental agreement. Allowing a bad tenant to remain in an
apartment without paying for the housing increases the landlords’ costs,
which often result in higher rents for the good tenants — an outcome
that benefits no one.
Debbi Conrad is Senior Attorney and Director of Legal Affairs for the WRA.